Neither the bear nor the lion escaped from the zoo. [Comment: The verb in this example is closest to the subject `Leo` and therefore adopts the singular form `hat`. 17. If gerunds are used as the subject of a sentence, they take the singular form of the verb. But if they are bound by “and”, they take the plural form. Collective nouns such as class, committee, herd, public, crew, team, government, business, public, and group usually adopt singular verbs. 1. Subjects and verbs must match in number. It is the rule of the cornerstone that constitutes the background of the concept.
Subjects and verbs must match in number for a sentence to make sense. Even though grammar can be a little weird from time to time, there are 20 rules of the subject-verb agreement that summarize the topic quite concisely. Most concepts of subject-verb concordance are simple, but exceptions to the rules can make things more complicated. Words between the subject and the verb have no influence on the number (singular or plural) of the verb. Some names such as news, physics, statistics, economics, gymnastics, aerobics, measles, mumps and headquarters, which end in “s”, seem plural, but they are actually singular, and therefore they adopt singulars. 6. If two subjects are connected by “and”, they usually need a plural form. The problem with grammatical rules from the point of view of modern linguistics is that many rules are not absolute.
There are many exceptions to the rules, as we can see here. It can be helpful to bookmark compressed lists of rules like this. Some subjects separated by “and” are so inseparable that they are considered singular and therefore adopt singular verbs. If prepositional sentences separate subjects from verbs, they have no influence on verbs. One of the results of the most recent experiments, published in the latest issue of the journal, stands out in particular. [Comment: In this example, “current experiences” have been published and thus a plural journal.] If the adjective + appears as the subject of a sentence, it is plural. . . .