“accession” means when a country becomes a party to an international agreement that has already been negotiated and signed by other countries. It has the same legal value as ratification, acceptance and approval. As a general rule, accession takes place after the entry into force of the agreement, but it can also be done in advance depending on the terms of the agreement. New York, 5 October – The historic Paris Agreement on combating climate change will enter into force on 4 November, as announced today by the United Nations. On September 3, the United States and China jointly ratified the agreement. Together, they were responsible for 38% of global emissions. This gave a big boost, but not enough to swing the total above 55%. “It also brings new urgency to the many issues that governments are advancing to ensure the full implementation of the agreement,” she added. “This requires the development of a set of rules for the operationalization of the agreement and how international cooperation and much larger financial flows can accelerate and develop national plans to combat climate change,” she added. The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement.  Since the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, the Clean Development Mechanism [need for clarification] has been criticised because, in most cases, it does not result in significant emission reductions or benefits for sustainable development.
 It has also suffered from low prices of certified emission reductions (CERS), which reduces demand for projects. This criticism has motivated the recommendations of different interest groups which, through working groups and reports, have provided new elements that they hope for from SDM, which will support their success.  Details of the governance structure, project proposal modalities and overall design are expected to be detailed at the Conference of the Parties to be held in Marrakesh in 2016. [needs to be updated] Miguel Arias Cañete, European Commissioner for Climate Policy and Energy, said: “Our common task is to deliver on our commitments on the ground. And here, Europe is ahead of time. We have the policies and instruments to achieve our goals, manage the global energy transition and modernise our economy. The world is moving and Europe is at the wheel, confident and proud to lead the work of tackling climate change. In his State of the Union address on 14 September, President Jean-Claude Juncker called for swift ratification of the agreement. When the agreement was reached on the 5th US President Barack Obama said: “Even if we achieve every goal… .